Bear Safety for Beginners – Types of Bears, Precautions, and More

Bear attacks are rare. However, it is always good to keep in mind some bear safety tips to be prepared for any circumstance and be more relaxed during the trip. 

Know the differences

It is very important that you know the diverse types of bears and the differences between them, as they respond differently according to the type of bear they are.

Grizzly Bear

The colour of the grizzly bear can vary between black and light blond fur. Medium to dark brown grizzly bears are more common to see and the tip of the hair is usually lighter than the rest.

They weigh between 350 to 500 pounds. The largest can weigh up to 800 pounds. They have a height of 3.3 feet and 6.5 feet at the shoulder. They’re a little hunched over, their face usually has a depression between the eyes and the nose, and their ears are rounded and short.

Their claws leave long, visible marks due to being up to 4 inches long and they usually characterize their footprints.

Black Bear

Its colour also varies from black to light blond fur and some have a light spot on their chest.

They weigh between 110 and 300 pounds, but larger males may weigh as much as 400 pounds. Black bears have a height of 2.5 to 3 feet on their shoulder and measure up to 5 feet when standing.

They are not humpbacked compared to grizzlies. Their face forms a straight line between the forehead and the end of the nose, and their ears are pointed and elongated.

Black bears’ smallest claw can measure 1.5 inches and its footprints leave no claws impression on the ground.

Don’t Alter the Bear Habitat

Keeping food well sealed is of utmost importance. After cooking, wash everything you used as well as your clothes. Keep the picnic area clean and throw away trash in bear-proof containers.

If you go on a hike, stay in a group, and make loud noises. This way the bears will notice your presence and not come near you. Bears are most active at dusk and dawn and always stay away from footprints or droppings.

Never try to feed a bear. Always stay away from him. If you find one, try to stay calm and walk away. If he doesn’t move away, spray him with bear spray. Black bears can run at over 30 miles per hour so they can reach you in seconds.

If a bear stands up, it doesn’t mean he’s going to attack you. They usually stand up to have a better view. Be very careful and respect the habitat of the bears. Remember that you are the one who is invading their space. You can achieve harmony during your camp between you and nature. Learn to differentiate between bear types so you will know how to respond to any situation that arises.

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